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Terror threat re-surfacing in IGAD region – Official

A transnational security threat from terrorism has been re-emerging in the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) region, which requires a new and determined regional approach to counteract the menace, Inter Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD's) offical has said.

A transnational security threat from terrorism has been re-emerging in the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) region, which requires a new and determined regional approach to counteract the menace, Inter Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD’s) offical has said.

Currently,  the region also faces serious and complex transnational security  threats including financing terrorism, violent extremism, cyber crime,  trafficking in humans and drugs, Commander Abebe Muluneh, Director  General of IGAD Security Sector Program said.

Commander  Abebe told journalists on Saturday that Al-Shabaab, Al-Qaeda’s affiliated militant group in the Horn of Africa, has long been perceived  as a Somali terrorist organization but now posed a stern security  threat to the wider IGAD region.

However,  at least since 2010, Al-Shabaab has aspired to become a truly regional  threat, with membership and horizons that transcend national borders,  the commander stated.

“Al  shabab is trying to recruit members from non-Somalis from our regions  and its transnational and national boarders effort to attack in other  territories like Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and the like that  almost all states in the IGAD region are victims of threat,” he pointed  out.

Noting  that international terrorists have sought the IGAD region as  particularly safe haven for their operation since the 1990s, the major  threats come from Al-Shabaab especially from Jaysh Ayman, a  transnational military wing fighting against Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.

Even  losing after several cities and towns,  Al-Shabaab still controls large  swathes territory and taxes trade and businesses to fund its operation  and it continues to carry out a complex attacks in the region even  against the 22,000 strong African Union to Somalia (AMISOM) and other  East African countries’ forces including Ethiopia.

“The  group is active in six countries Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia,  Uganda and Tanzania. Al-Shabab has repeatedly been striking five of them excluding  Ethiopia. The only country that has not been targeted to date is  Ethiopia in the East African countries from those terrorist attacks,” he  said.

Acknowledging  another potential threat from the Islamic (ISIS) in the Horn African  region after it has lost its final stronghold in Middle East, recently  the group has been shipping foreign fighters and arms from Yemen to Somalia.

Following  this embryonic security threat, IGAD has come up with a new strategy by  revisiting its approach that focuses in conflict prevention, resolution  and cooperation against transnational security threats, governance in  the Horn African region,” the Director indicated.

He added IGAD is now pursuing interlinked approach to address the transnational security threat through its Security Sector Program to address the challenges holistically, he underscored.

Director  for Organized and Emerging Crime at Interpol, Paul Stanfield, on his  part said IGAD region is the hot spot of human smuggling and trafficking activities which is making terrorism more complicated.

Stanfield argued, however, organized transnational security threats and crimes are not only a unique feature of Horn Africa, which needs now a global response equally.

He pledged that Interpol will give the necessary assistance for the efforts of IGAD member countries to fight against transnational security threats.

“Specially,  we will support them in collection and dissemination of good  information and better analysis of the issues also access to share  profile for missing people with DNA, figure prints on the movement of  people aboard, securing communication net works and so many different  capabilities.”

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